Monday, July 15, 2013

Where do all the Cool Kids Go? Or How Adolescents Use Social Media for Book Sharing

This photo, “Dystopia" is copyright (c) 2011 Enokson and made available under a Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 license
            Adolescent literature has always had a special place in my heart.  From The Mortal Instrument Series to Twilight, Harry Potter to Matched and various other dystopian novels, the teen and young adult fiction (also known as YA) sections are my go to places when ever I visit my local bookstore.  Why do I love them so much? Perhaps it’s the story lines that often seem more intense and more fantastical than most adult fiction.  Or maybe it's because it transports me to a different time in my life, when emotions were heightened and adventure was just around the corner.  I can’t pinpoint the answer, which I am sure I could use a whole other post to explore, but the essence is, I am a YA junkie.
I know I am not alone in this love for YA fiction; I have several friends who share the addiction, but it wasn’t until I joined the social networking site Twitter, that I realized just how many other adult were openly enjoying them.  My journey into twitter started a year and a half ago with the hope of connecting with other educators.  I easily found other teachers, both in early years and beyond, who loved discussing education, and shared my love of books.  Discussions about what literature we used in the classroom would lead to conversations about what books we were reading for enjoyment.  Many of my Twitter colleagues shared my love of YA and we began to recommend books to each other. Twitter became the first place I went when looking for my next read. Through this online connection, I have connected with other adults who share my love of YA, shared favorite stories, and discussed what we loved or hated about a book in virtual book clubs.
        If adults are talking about YA using Twitter, then where are all adolescents sharing their love of reading?  This question spurred on some online research into where teens are spending their online time, and how they are sharing their interests out in cyberspace.  I should mention here that when looking at online content it is impossible to know for sure which users are teenagers and which users are adults.  So, within my search I focused on sites and topics where books were being reviewed or discussed based on enjoyment, avoiding those sites that were education based and more likely to be adult driven.

Where DO Teens Hang Out in Space?

            As an adult I know where I go online to look for book recommendations and to discuss my thoughts on recent reads.  While some of these places are used adolescents, they are known for being ahead of the curve when it comes to finding and using social media.  In order to find out where teens are talking about books, it was important to get a better understanding of their social media use in general.  There are anecdotes about teenagers leaving Facebook because any site that their Grandmother is using isn’t where they want to go and share their social lives.  This does not seem to hold true according to a study by PEW Internet that found that 77% of adolescents ages 12 -17 still had a Facebook account, with Twitter being the next most used site with 24% of adolescents using it (M. Madden, A. Lenhart, S. Cortesi, U. Gasser, M. Duggan, A. Smith,2013).  But that doesn’t mean that other websites and ways of connecting aren’t growing in popularity.  In an article by Prerna Talreja she states that 
“Facebook alternatives for teenagers include common social networks such as Twitter, InstagramPinterest, and Reddit. Apart from these, teens are also spending a lot of time on the following:…Tumblr….KikSnapchatVine (and)…Pheed.” (Talreja, 2013)

Not all of these sites lend themselves to discussions about books.  Some of these sights, such as Kik and Snapchat are text messaging apps, while Instagram, Vine, and Pheed are mobile apps that can be viewed on a computer but only manipulated and added to through your phone.  Others such as Pinterest are social bookmarking sites where one can collect various websites or “pins” and group them together in various ways.  Reddit allows users to add content from the web and then ranks the content by popular vote.  All these are good for making connections and sharing, but not necessarily the best way to share books.
            There are some social media that seems to attract more posting and conversations about YA books, such as Tumblr, Blogger, and WordPress which are all blogging platforms. Wikis and Nings are platforms that allow a community of fans to build their own site around a topic and create different ways to connect.  Twitter can be used to share books with others, as can Youtube, and book reviewing websites like Goodreads and Shelfari.  For those that want to further their connection to the books, there are many author websites cultivate interaction between reader and writer.  The possibility for connecting with other book lovers seems endless, and so I have chosen two types of sites, Tumblr and Nings, to see how they are attracting adolescents, and how adolescents are using them to share and discuss books.

Tumblr - A Visual Feast

            At first, Tumblr seems to be a blogging platform, but it is also so much more.  Sue Scheff has looked into it, and tried to figure out why it is growing in interest among adolescents:

        "When I asked younger people about their attraction to Tumblr and started browsing through the
         site, I began to better understand the hook (well, sort of). It goes back to the days of MySpace, the 
        days when you could customize your space with your own personality, self-expression, design, 
        even audio -- in other words, it was all about you and your individuality.” (Scheff,2013)

So I visited the site to explore.  As with most social media sites, Tumblr, is overwhelming when you first sign up.  My first impression was that there is an incredible large amount of animated gifs, which are pictures that have a few seconds of repeated animation that loops continuously.  The Natty Shadowhunter Tumblr has some good examples of the animated gifs that are related to The Mortal Instrument Series (Clare, 2007), a series that is being made into a movie.  As I scrolled through what felt like hundreds of quote and picture filled Tumblr sites, I wondered what this was.  It is hard for me to wrap my head around the idea of this being a conversation about books.  Many of the posts have been liked or re-blogged (also known as re-posting) and I wonder how that fits into subscribers conversing about the literature these pictures and quotes represent.  
            There is definitely a love of books that can be found here, but its all appears to be a superficial connect that says “I really love this book” and little else.  This is perhaps my old-school adult view coming into play, though.  If  I look beyond the surface of movie clips with words written underneath, I recognize that often what is posted is a quote from the book, or a drawing that someone has created to represent a scene in a story.  Rather than putting into written "I really like the part in the book when..."  or "wasn't that quote amazing", they are using other mediums to represent it, and rather than typing it, those that agree "like" it and re-blog it.  Re-blogging in someways is the ultimate agreement, because you are taking someone's idea and putting in you own space, with acknowledgment of its source.  By re-blogging you might be saying,  these are my feelings about this book too, but this other blogger said it better.
             There are more text based posts, such as the book reviews subpage on Dusty Promises’ Page which are all YA reviews.  There is also some discussion that happens amongst the “liking” and “reposting”, often found in the Answers to Questions portions of Tumblr pages, like A Heart of Books, but they don’t appear to facilitate conversations of any length, they are one sided answers to readers questions.  My hope is that if I spent several days just searching the site I would find deeper conversations happening, but let’s be honest, that is not time I am likely to invest.

Nerdfighters and Nings

          A more dialogue based social media platform is Ning.  Touted as a way to bring a community together in one place, Nings are created to join together those with similar interests.  A member signs up for a specific Ning, for example the MuggleSpace, a Harry Potter themed Ning.  As a member you can set-up a profile page adding photos, links and favourite things.  Unlike Tumblr however, there is not quite as many options to add video and audio, so the pages themselves look a bit cleaner, but with more writing.  Often there is the opportunity to create blogs, discuss topics on a forum and find members that share the same interests as you.  Additionally on MuggleSpace, both online and real life Potter inspired events are posted up to facilitate even more connection.  These online communities seem to be more focused on one topic, or type of media such as The Blood Bank, which focuses on books with supernatural themes.  When exploring several of these sites, it became apparent that written text was the most common form of expression, with art being used as a supplement.
This image is copyright (c) 2013 Hank Green
            The Ning I explored most carefully was the Nerd Fighters Ning.  This Ning was created by Hank Green and his brother, adolescent fiction author John Green.  Almost a million members have joined to talk about all things nerdy, which includes books.  While this site isn't specifically literature oriented, it was the most active of the sites I explored.  I started my search for teens talking about YA fiction and was happily surprised at the features topics in the book forum which included titles such as: "Are Series Fair to Their Readers?" and "How do you Define a Classic?".  Don't get me wrong, were are topics that were more surface base such as "Characters I'd Like to See Together" and "Could a Sherlock Holmes Exist?" but there appeared to be more variety here, and there was that space for conversation that I was missing with Tumblr.  As with Tumblr, there does appear to be real teenagers on this site, and infact one of the groups is specifically for teenage Nerd Fighters to mingle and discuss what is important to them.  Also, similar to the forums, groups have been created around specific YA fiction including Hunger Games, Lord of the Rings and Harry Potter.
            Nings offers YA readers a place to go and discuss literature both specifically by author or title, or by genre.  It does appear however, that these groups are narrowly focused and so only popular titles have these larger communities that remain active for long periods of time.  The one exception is the Nerd Fighters Ning, but there too, the number of books linked to specific groups is limited.  The other downside to Nings is that if interest wanes from the topic they are focused on, the site becomes unused and therefore useless to the "connected" teen.

Final Thoughts

Adolescent readers of YA fiction have a lot of options available to them.  They have also grown up in a world where multimedia such as video, pictures, music and text often come together when they are searching for information.  This is perhaps why I liked Tumblr less than the Nings, I felt there was too much going on at one time, and it felt like chaos.  I can appreciated though that the generation who grows up on Vine, Instagram and Twitter would find it appealing as it engages different intelligences.  It occurs to me, that while I examined them separately, being on Tumblr doesn't preclude someone from also joining a Ning.  I think it is likely that adolescents belong to more than one social media site, so perhaps they use Tumblr to be more creatively expressive, and Ning to have those deeper conversations.  In a world where YA fiction is so diverse, it only makes sense that the mediums used to share this literature is diverse as well.

  •   A Heart of Books: Answers to Your Questions. (n.d.). Tumblr. Retrieved July 14, 2013, from 
  • Abesamis, A. (n.d.). Carpe Diem Dusty Promises. Tumblr. Retrieved July 14, 2013, from  
  • Clare, C. (2007). The mortal instruments. New York: Margaret K. McElderry Books.
  • Madden, M., Lenhart, A., Cortesi, S., Gasser, U., Duggan, M., & Smith, A. (2013, May 21). Part 1: Teens and Social    Media Use | Pew Internet & American Life Project. Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved July 15, 2013, from 
  • MuggleSpace - The ULTIMATE Harry Potter Social Network. (n.d.). MuggleSpace - The ULTIMATE Harry Potter Social Network. Retrieved July 13, 2013, from 
  • Natty Shadow Hunter. (n.d.). Tumblr. Retrieved July 14, 2013, from  
  • Nerdfighters. (n.d.). Nerdfighters. Retrieved July 12, 2013, from 
  • Scheff, S. (2013, January 15). Sue Scheff: Why Are More Teens Turning to Tumblr?. Breaking News and Opinion    on The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 9, 2013, from 
  • Talreja, P. (n.d.). 5 Social Networking Platforms Teens "Like" More Than Facebook. Policymic. Retrieved July 8, 2013, from
  • The Blood Bank - We'd like to make a withdrawal. (n.d.). The Blood Bank - We'd like to make a withdrawal. Retrieved July 14, 2013, from  

Sunday, November 4, 2012

App for That #10: The Land of Me

App: The Land of Me for the iPad

Cost: Free

Grade Level:Kindergarten to Grade 2

What it does:    This app was one I saw recommend on Jen Deyenberg's blog.  It is in the same vein as a choose your own adventure story, where the reader chooses several elements of the story, such as who the main character is, what the story is about and what type of ending it has.  Then with simple chalk like animations and words, Grandmother Olive, the turtle, narrates the story. 

How's the App: This is a really good app for early elementary students.  Each story has a rhyming rhythm to it that children love.  They are in control of parts of the story, and the fact that they can be changed means the reader can read the story multiple times and have it be fresh each time.  The animations are cute and the text is underneath so students can follow along.  The possible draw back of this app is that all the characters voices have British accents so it may be difficult for some students to understand the story, though in a world where many students have already watched one or more Harry Potter movies, this might not be a challenge at all.  The stories are fairly short, so this app may not hold the readers attention for very long.

What it could be used for: This app allows students to listen to a story being read to them.  It can also help students begin to understand how details can change a story.  A teacher could ask them to try the same story with three different endings and see what changes.

Rating: 3.5 out of 5

App for That #9: Jungle Coins

App: Jungle Coins for the iPad

Cost: 2.99 US plus 0.99 for the Canadian Currency upgrade

Grade Level: Grade 2 - Grade 3

What it does: Jungle Coins is an app that allows students to solve problems using a variety of coins.  Students can sort coins, count the amount of coins they have, compare to groups of coins or give correct change based on a number problem.

How's the App:This app is everything Learning Money with Leo is not.  Every time you click on of the the coins it gives you that coins value.  Coins also flip each time you hit them, so students are able to see both sides of the coin.  Written directions can be clicked and read to the player.  When comparing two groups of coins, you can click on each of the symbols (< = >) and the app will tell you what they mean.  In the count the money activity, students can re-order the coins to group them for easier counting, and when they select an answer it is read back to them.  In each activity the player can select a new problem if they one they have is too difficult or easy.  Coins are referred to both by their value and their name so students get exposure to both.  What I really like is that you can set the level, and each level adds a new type of coin into the mix, starting at level one with pennies and nickles and going all the way to level 5 which involves all coins.  In addition there is a level 6 which can be edited to only use the coins the player (or teacher) selects.

What it could be used for: Having students learn about greater than, less than.  Allowing students to learn about coins and their values and sort them.

Rating: 4 out of 5

App for That #8: My Story

App:My Story for the iPad

Cost: 1.99 US

Grade Level:Kindergarten to grade 5

What it does: My Story allows the user to create a story by drawing it.  They can also upload photos and either leave them as is or draw over them.  Once a student has created a page, they can add text and/or record their voice to tell their story.  When they are finished their book, they can read it in My Books, or in iBooks on your computer, or it can be e-mailed to others to read or embedded in a blog.  

How's the App: I really like this app because it differentiates story making.  It allows students with a variety of strengths to use the app in a way that suits them best.  If a student prefers writing over drawing, they can use photographs rather than drawings in the story.  Students who are reluctant writers but still have a story to tell can draw their pictures and record their text, rather than writing it.  Students at all levels can read each others books in a way that suits them, if you have pictures, text and recording within a book.  My Story also offers options for students when they are drawing such as colour, line thickness and shape.  There are some options without it becoming overwhelming.  This is an app that I will definitely use with my students.

What it could be used for: Having students create stories that can be shared with others in the class, or with those from other classes.

Rating: 4 out of 5

App for That #7: Learning Money with Leo

App: Learning Money with Leo by Royal Bank of Canada for the iPad

Cost: free

Grade Level: Kindergarten to Grade 2

What it does: Learning Money with Leo is an app that helps students understand the concept and value of money...or at least that's what the app claims to do.  The currency used is Canadian, so this is specific to residents of Canada.

How's the App: Learning Money with Leo is interactive, provides students with fun activities to do involving money.  It caters, in some ways, to young learners as most of the directions are voiced-over rather than written.  But upon further examination, I end up unsure what age this app is for, and where the learning occurs.  The match up game is easy to use, however the words on the left hand side would be difficult for younger learners to read and for some reason this is the only place where the app will not read words for you.  The activities such as Spot the Difference, My Sticker Book and even the Read Along Story are fun, but other than a passing mention of money, such as coins in the picture, there is no actual learning about money.  The Gather the Coins activity has actual coins in it, and there is a running tally of how much you have collected, but again the coins seem to be a secondary element and have little influence on the player.  In Solve the Coin students move the iPad to help a coin go into the matching coin box, but the coin is never identified, so it is really just about matching a picture that happens to be a coin.  The activity where students may actually learn about money in any meaningful way is Sort the Coin, because at least when the student touches a coin, it tells the player how much that coin is worth, but even this activity is very basic and the game actually shows you where to put the coin by flashing the piggy bank, so I do wonder how much the child is learning.  All in all I would not call this an educational app, though that is the category it is under.  I feel this is one of those cases where having students explore actual money and practice purchasing things in real life is far more helpful than an app.

What it could be used for: Exposing students to coins and their value, in a very limited way.  You could use the read along story for language arts.

Rating: 1 out of 5

App for That #6: iMovie

App: iMovie for iPad

Cost: $4:99 US

Grade Level: Grade 3 - beyond, or with teacher assistance

What it does: iMovie allows you to import video clips or photographs and create a movie, complete with titles, music, and voice overs.  There is also the option to make a movie trailer.

How's the App: The iMovie app was much easier to learn how to use than GarageBand, but there are limited features in this app as well.  When adding videos or photos, it is easy to edit them, cutting them down to what you want.  What I don't like about this app is that the way you transition from one scene to the next is limited, as is how and where you can add text.  Coming from a background using Movie Maker for my PC, I get a bit frustrated by these limitations.  In this case the app is limiting, and depending on the movie I am trying to create, I may just use my computer instead.  I do however really like the trailer making portion of the app.  It is fairly formulaic, with limited options so for students in grade 3 - 5, it is a guided format to creating a very slick looking product.

What it could be used for: Students could use it to create a movie to explain their understand of a concept or to teach others about it.  Using the movie trailer selection, students could create a trailer for a book they are reading as a different spin on "writing" a book report or review.  It can also be used to create a slide show complete with music and/or a voice over.

Rating: 3.5 out of 5

Saturday, November 3, 2012

App for That #5: Twitter

App: Twitter for the iPad

Cost: Free

Grade Level: Teachers (or maybe supervised with your students if your division allows it)

What it does: Twitter is an online social networking site.  I have created many connections with teachers and have several professional learning networks that have sprung from Twitter.  If you want to learn more about it, see my post from a previous class here.

How's the App:  Terrible to Fantastic - see below.

Even though I love Twitter, if you had asked me last week what I thought of the iPad Twitter app, I would have said it was a disaster.  It was difficult to navigate, didn't offer all the options that the computer based version did, and every time you clicked on a link or a tweet it would open in a separate page of section.  It was terrible.

BUT, yesterday I finally got around to updating my apps, and I am now convinced that I should always update my apps as soon as a new version is available.  The new and improved Twitter app is a dream.  My options are simpler as far as navigation, and now much much more what I expect from the Twitter format.  Now when I click on a post, it enlarges it in the same window and I can still see other messages.  If I click on a link it takes me to a whole new page (not a cascading page as it did before) and there is an obvious home button that takes me back to where I was before.  With this great update, I am more incline to choose my iPad over my computer when catching up with my tweeps.

What it could be used for:Networking with other teachers.  Getting and sharing ideas for lessons, classroom management strategies and general support.  Providing another way to connect with the community.

Rating: 4 out of 5 (previously 2 out of 5)